Medical treatment especially heart surgery is gaining importance in India due to the high efficiency and success rate of the medical sector in giving the treatment. Another reason for the growing popularity is the very economical cost of the medical treatment. The need for valve replacement surgery may be manifold.
Cause and cost
First, there is the genetic factor. Second, the lifestyle may be the driving cause for the failure of heart valve. The person might have the defect from birth. Or, the person may have developed the symptoms during his or her life. The valve replacement cost in India is about $6,000. Compared to this, the cost in America or the United Kingdom is about $12,000. This makes it attractive, even for foreigners from the US and the UK to come to India for their medical treatment.
Reasons for the need for heart valve replacement
The deficiency in the valve is the main reason. The conditions that manifest are as follows:
- a) The valve is narrowed – the cause may be mitral stenosis or aortic stenosis.
- b) You may have mitral valve regurgitation – the oxygenated blood flows backward to the lungs.
- c) The valve is leaky -this condition needs valve replacement. The condition may be cause due to aortic insufficiency or aortic regurgitation.
Types of valve replacement
The valves that are more commonly replaced are the aortic and mitral valves. The tricuspid or the pulmonary valves are not so commonly replaced. The replacement valves are made from animal tissue or from man-made material.
- Tissue valves: In this, the animal or human donor gives the valve.
- Mechanical valve: In this case, the valve is made of durable plastic or other suitable compounds.
People who suffer from the following conditions will need a heart replacement surgery.
- Narrowing of the valves
- Leaking valves
- Tumour of the valves
- Infective endocarditis
- Rheumatic valve disease
- Calcification of the valves
- Aortic aneurysm
Performing the surgery
The heart valve replacement surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. The procedure will take 4-5 hours. In most cases, the patient is put under a heart-lung machine. In some case, the surgery may be performed as a beating heart surgery. Due to the low aortic valve repair cost in India and the efficient medical service, many foreigners come from Australia, the UK, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and the US for the medical treatment.
After making the incision to expose the heart, the surgeon will remove the valve by loosening the tendons that bind it in place. Then the new valve is put in place and the sutures are placed. The chest opening is closed and the patient is taken off the heart-lung machine.
The results of the valve replacement surgery is unusually high in India. This kind of high success rate is one of the reasons why medical tourism is flourishing in India. People of India are lucky to have such facilities in their backyard. The necessity for valve replacement is shown by the urgency of the symptoms. If you have more pain or tiredness, you must consult your physician and ascertain the cause. Take prompt action since this will give you good health.
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